These included adequate hygiene and purity of the mind and body achieved through good deeds and thoughts (Alexander 20-22).
Ancient Egyptians seem to be the most forward-thinking in their treatment of mental illness as they recommended that those afflicted with mental pathology engage in recreational activities such as concerts, dances, and painting in order to relieve symptoms and achieve some sense of normalcy.
In all of these ancient civilizations, mental illness was attributed to some supernatural force, generally a displeased deity.
Most illness, particularly mental illness, was thought to be afflicted upon an individual or group of peoples as punishment for their trespasses.
It was believed that through this opening the evil spirit(s)--thought to be inhabiting one’s head and causing their psychopathology--would be released and the individual would be cured (“Measuring”).